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Caged bird farming has been a long-standing practice in the poultry industry, with battery cages being one of the most common types of housing systems used.

These cages are designed to maximize space efficiency and streamline the process of egg production.

However, the use of battery cages in poultry farming has sparked controversy and debate among animal welfare activists, ethical consumers, and industry professionals.

Battery cages are small wire cages that typically house multiple hens in a confined space.

These cages are stacked on top of each other in rows, forming tiers that can reach several levels high.

The main purpose of battery cages is to increase the number of eggs produced per square foot of space while also making it easier for farmers to manage and collect eggs.

Proponents of battery cages argue that this system offers benefits such as improved hygiene, disease prevention, and efficient egg collection.

The small size of the cages helps prevent the spread of diseases among the birds, as they are kept in separate and controlled environments.

Additionally, the wire mesh flooring of the cages allows droppings to fall through, reducing the risk of contamination and improving cleanliness.

From a commercial standpoint, battery cages have been favored for their space-saving design, allowing farmers to house a large number of hens in a relatively small area.

This increased stocking density translates to higher egg production per square foot, making it a cost-effective option for large-scale egg producers.

The uniformity and standardization of battery cages also make it easier to monitor and manage the birds, ensuring consistent egg quality and productivity.

However, the use of battery cages has been met with criticism and ethical concerns regarding animal welfare.

Opponents of battery cages argue that the confinement and restrictive nature of these cages lead to poor living conditions for the hens.

The limited space within the cages restricts the birds' ability to move, stretch their wings, or engage in natural behaviors such as perching, dust bathing, and foraging.

The overcrowded and barren environment of battery cages can also lead to stress, frustration, and aggression among the hens.

This can result in harmful behaviors such as feather pecking, cannibalism, and other forms of aggression, leading to injuries and increased mortality rates.

Additionally, the wire flooring of the cages can cause foot injuries and discomfort for the birds, further compromising their welfare.

In response to these welfare concerns, many countries and regions have implemented regulations and guidelines aimed at phasing out or banning the use of battery cages in poultry farming.

These measures are driven by a growing recognition of the importance of animal welfare and the ethical considerations surrounding intensive farming practices.

Alternatives to battery cages, such as enriched cages, free-range systems, and organic farming methods, have gained popularity as more consumers demand higher welfare standards for farm animals.

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