Olive oil has many health benefits such as treating colon and breast cancer, diabetes, heart problems, arthritis, and high cholesterol. This may include managing weight loss, improving metabolism, ease of digestion, and anti-aging. It is an essential ingredient in many culinary preparations and also serves a variety of medicinal purposes. What is olive oil? Olive oil is the essential fruit oil that we get from the olive tree crop mainly found in the Mediterranean regions. The human race has used it for many centuries. It is used in cooking, in cosmetics and soaps, for medicinal purposes, and as a pharmaceutical supplement. It can also be used as fuel and for light bulbs. Types of olive oil Several types of oils include: Extra virgin olive oil: This type is used for cooking with low acid content. Extra virgin olive oil: This is the best type and is made by cold pressing the olives. It contains a high percentage of polyphenols because it is the least processed of the varieties. Extra virgin olive oil: This type is a mixture of refined and virgin oil. Its high acidity. Light Olive Oil: This variety has a mild flavor which makes it a good choice for those who do not want the taste of heavy olive oil. olive oil nutrition Rich in antioxidants, vitamin K and vitamin E, olive oil has an excellent nutritional profile. It is high in mono-saturated fats such as oleic acid and palmitoleic acid, which make up 10 grams of the total number of 14 grams of fatty acids in this oil. Olive oil is high in the antioxidants tocopherol, lutein, and beta-carotene, and one tablespoon contains about 1.6 mg or 8% of the RDA for vitamin E. According to the USDA, the oil is also free of carbohydrates and cholesterol, which lowers the risk of heart disease. The calorie count of this oil is similar to canola oil or butter, about 120 calories in 1 tablespoon of olive oil. Although other food sources produce significant amounts of vitamin E such as sunflower, almonds, and saffron, olive oil is commonly used in many kitchens (mainly Mediterranean cuisine) and has important benefits for overall health and well-being. The health benefits of olive oil Olive oil has many beneficial properties. Some of them are as follows: Can lower cholesterol A collaborative study by the Harvard School of Public Health  and several other universities recommended adding virgin varieties to reduce the risk of heart disease. Extra-virgin olive oil, which is rich in nearly 40 antioxidant chemicals, can help reduce the oxidative effects of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. It also helps increase HDL cholesterol levels. Can help manage diabetes? In a cohort study published in Nutrition and Diabetes in 2017, it was shown that olive oil can help prevent and manage diabetes when included in the daily diet. Can help lose weight? Medical experts say it is very difficult to gain weight from the monounsaturated fats in olive oil. Research on Mediterranean oil has shown positive results regarding its use for weight loss because it contains healthy fats and is a great alternative to butter and other calorie-laden oils. Olive oil can increase food breakdown after a meal and help reduce food intake by making you feel full in smaller portions. When mixed with other vegetables or legumes in recipes, olive oil can have a positive effect on the digestive system which can directly affect weight regulation. It can prevent inflammation Olive oil is rich in polyphenols that potentially have anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties. As a result, its use helps prevent the growth of pathogenic bacteria and relieve inflammation. It can improve digestion Olive oil is known to aid digestion. It can be used as a medicinal oil to cleanse the digestive system and improve bowel movement. Aging may be delayed Rich in antioxidants, olive oil can slow down the natural aging process of the human body. The monounsaturated fats in olive oil help keep cells healthy. Used in cosmetics and natural herbal treatments, it can do wonders by giving the skin a natural glow. It can prevent gallstones The use of olive oil is also effective in preventing the formation of gallstones because of its laxative effect. It is often used by people who practice gallbladder cleansing. It can strengthen cell walls According to a 2018 study published in the International Journal of Molecular Sciences, olive oil may contain polyphenols that help build stronger cell walls. It can also increase the elasticity of the arterial walls, thus protecting you from various heart diseases. It may have anti-cancer potential It is said that olive oil protects the human body from cancer, especially colon, breast, and skin cancer. Medical research conducted at Oxford University has shown positive indications that the acidic content of this oil can prevent the onset of rectal and colon cancer. The Journal of Carcinogenesis covered a study in 2018 that suggested that the extra virgin variety is a godsend when it comes to inhibiting the growth of cancer cells in the body. Another study confirmed the same effect and also reveals, above all, that olive oil has been shown to have a beneficial effect on breast cancer. Hydroxy aerosol, one of the oil's main components, may help prevent breast cancer in postmenopausal women. Can reduce high blood pressure A recent research study suggests that a Mediterranean diet rich in polyunsaturated fats (found in olive oil and nuts), nitrites, and nitrates (found in green leafy vegetables) may help protect you from high blood pressure. There are several grades of oil depending on taste, smell, acid value, and color. Readers are advised to purchase genuine oils with the appropriate rating for cooking or medicinal purposes. More benefits This oil boosts metabolism and develops good bone structure and brain development in children. It can also be a good source of Vitamin E, which is very beneficial for the elderly. Studies have shown that increasing vitamin E intake can reduce the risk of developing cataracts and age-related vision loss. grades of olive oil When you go to the market you will find different types of olive oils. What does extra virgin mean? What does American passion mean? There are two main types of gradients you'll find, the IOOC standard and the American standard. The fatty acid content plays an important role in determining the classification of olive oil. Measurement of free fatty acids indicates the quality of the oil. Results are expressed in grams of oleic acid per 100 grams of olive oil.