The electric fence is one of the most popularly used items, made by low, medium, and high voltage wire and cable, for keeping wide animals out in European countries. An electric fence is a barrier designed to allow the passage of electricity. Because it is designed to deliver a high-voltage shock to anyone who touches it, it is an effective security measure against thieves and intruders. The concept of electric fences has been around since 1830, as Fanny Trollope describes it in The American Family Manners. In 1905, the Russians temporarily erected electric fences during the Russo-Japanese War. However, it was not until the early 1930s that electric fence technology was fully developed in the United States and New Zealand. While the early idea of electric fences was as a defensive weapon, the first application of the technology was in livestock control or pasture management. It prevents cattle, sheep, or horses from leaving parameters, but also prevents unwanted wildlife from entering gardens, farmland, or other forms of private property. Electronic fence technology has evolved over the decades. Today, people use electric fences for more than just keeping livestock from moving around. Electric fences are now also used as perimeter security, keeping criminals away from high-security properties such as businesses and public facilities. As a perimeter security measure, modern electric fences deliver a non-lethal shock to anyone tampering with the fence. Electric fences usually consist of exciters, conductors, posts, insulators and grounds. An exciter, also known as a fence charger, is a device that emits current pulses. The pulse lasts about 150 microseconds and is triggered every second. If an animal or person hits the fence, they get a big shock. The energy then enters the ground from the animal or person and returns to the energizer through the ground rod. It is not true that electric fences are expensive. Electric fencing is one of the most cost-effective measures you can use for your business. Compare this to traditional security measures and you will see that electric fences relentlessly protect your assets and employees with 24/7 security, but at a lower cost.
Low voltage cable for electric fence
Different types of wire and cable, including low voltage types, can be used for electric fence applications. Over the years, electronic fences have been widely used in Europe and the United States, effectively protecting horses. But people here are not familiar with this kind of electric fence. We all know that owning a horse is great, but it can also be expensive. We have an easy solution for you so you can build your own secure and beautiful fence around your house or ranch without digging holes or running any wires! Learn more about our useful tips for choosing and building a good fence for your horse here. Electric fencing is one of the most popular and practical methods for horse owners to fence their animals. You can easily purchase inexpensive electric fence kits at most farm supply stores. Electric fences are relatively safe and simple to install, and your horse is unlikely to try to test the fence. However, some horses like to challenge the fences to see if they can destroy them. A traditional fence is a barrier, but does not prevent the horse from escaping. Horses are excellent jumpers and can easily overcome any obstacle. If you have such a horse, you may need to use barbed wire or other types of fencing in addition to electric fencing. This is a question many horse owners ask themselves when they consider installing an electric fence for their horse. There are many factors to consider before deciding how much wire you need, including the size and age of the horse, the amount of land available for fencing, and the type of terrain (flat or hilly) Some horse owners prefer to use a 2-strand electric fence, while others prefer 4 or more strands. When making this decision, it is important to remember that you should not have more than four wires in any section, as too many can cause grounding problems 1 string is usually used to house breeding cows. A rope is not enough to surround a young horse or pony. Single strings can be used to keep the horse away from a specific area to protect the horse or area. If you use a single strand horse fence, you can use it as a high-strength barrier if you set it up as a heavy duty steel T-post or a wooden fence post buried deep in the ground. Then it will be strong enough to hold horses. Single strand electric fences are more economical than other types of electric fences, but not as effective. 2-string horses are used for ponies, miniature horses and donkeys. 2 wires is about 2,000 volts. If you use two strands, then you can go down to a distance of three to four inches. The top tape acts as a visual barrier to prevent the horses from moving. It must be 52 inches above the ground. The lower fret string is actually the more important of the two. This line should be set at 28 inches for ponies and 24 inches for horses. Any underband should not be too low to ground on long grass and weeds. When a horse ducks its head to crawl under tape or graze outside a paddock, it can receive an electric shock to its nose, ears or neck. 3-string horses are the most common and cheapest. Three wires are very popular, have a more traditional look and add an extra layer of security over 2 wires In this case, to be on the safe side, the best three-string fence for young horses would be "52", "36" and "28". The more contact the horse has with a fence, the smaller the fence becomes. Many ponies are tenacious and will run away if your fence charger doesn't have enough punch. A foal can easily roll under a fence, but three wires can reduce this risk. If using three- or four-strand wire, the T-posts should be spaced about five feet apart to keep the horses out. Some people prefer to enclose it with four strands of tape because it gives them the impression that the enclosed horse or cow is secure. 4 threads are the safest. 4 or 5 strings for Quarter Horses, Draft Horses and including Mustangs. Four wires may be necessary for delicate situations such as excited stallions, busy roads, deer, alpacas, etc. 5 or 6 strands are mostly for security, keeping people and animals off your property. However, 4 threads is a good starting point for beginners, horses do not need more than 4 threads. The number of wires required for an electric fence is not as important as the placement and spacing of the wires. In some cases, it may be better to add two or more strands to an existing fence. The number of rails is the number of conductors placed across the width of the fence. Three-bar fences are the most common. Four track fences are becoming more common. There are many reasons why an owner may choose to install 4 rails instead of 3 rails, including the use of solar appliances, increased exercise options, and increased height
Low voltage wire for electric fence
As it was mentioned, one of the applications of the low voltage cable and wire is for electric fencing. Building a good electric fence is like anything else, you take it out, you put it in. If you use the right equipment and maintain the fence, the result will be a permanent structure, just like the barbed wire you used. The advantage of using "electric" or "high-strength" fences is that they cost less on average than barbed wire because less material (ie, posts, staples, and wire) and less time are required to install. The electric fence option is also more versatile; you can quickly remove it and reinstall it somewhere else. This is particularly useful during dry periods when grazing is scarce and producers are looking for additional grazing opportunities. Electric fences are psychological barriers, not physical barriers for all categories of cattle and grazing situations. When the livestock is properly trained and the fence is working as designed (ie the tension on the fence is appropriate), the cow will touch the fence once instead of leaving it alone. This includes grazing or confinement of pastures in all seasons, such as spring, summer, autumn and winter. All equipment should be purchased from a reputable company, ensuring quality materials backed by the supplier. When shopping for energy bars, you should think "bigger is better". This means buying a fencer that is slightly larger than your requirements. This will ensure that enough voltage flows through the wires to handle the brushes and wet grass to collect some current and use for future extensions. A basic rule of thumb is that you need no less than 2000 volts in the summer and 4000 volts in the winter because of the thicker fur of the animals and because of the snow you often cannot find suitable ground. The grounding system for fencing is very important. Make sure you have installed the ground rod correctly. You need poles that are at least 3.6-8 feet long and placed at least 2 meters from the energizer and at least 3 meters apart. Use galvanized wire to connect the bar and clamp back to the exciter. After installing the fence, you should check that the fence is properly grounded. This is done by "grounding" the fence with a metal rod, then checking the ground rod with a voltmeter. If the voltmeter reading is over 200 volts, more ground rods are required. If there is a properly grounded fence, there should be no voltage reading on the meter. Use 12½ gauge galvanized high strength wire. Tie the wires correctly. For a two-wire fence, the first wire should be 22 inches from the ground and the top wire 40 inches from the ground. Top and bottom wires must be connected at least every 1/2 mile. One of the most useful tools is a voltmeter or fault finder. This will help you ensure that the correct voltage is being supplied at regular intervals and if you have a fault finder it will speed up the repair process by pinpointing the problem. Every spring it is important to pull the fence wire to ensure that the insulator is still in place and that the wire is taut. You can also check for debris, such as fallen trees, which can reduce the current going through the wires. In winter, when the voltage transmitter is not in use, it must be stored in a clean, dry place. If you are using a solar powered fence, charge the battery before storing it for the winter. Exciting, high-strength steel wire is available as an economical, easy-to-install gate fence option. His options give producers the flexibility of a rotational grazing system to split paddocks and feed options during drought. Recommended equipment for this type of fence includes rolls of cords (there should be at least 6 cords in temporary tape to carry enough current) and walk-in posts.