in fact, from the moment gilsonite mines were found in Utah(US) in vernal times of 1860s,it revolutionized the industry of waterproofing and filling materials on the earth. When the volatile substances of crude oil in the depths of the earth evaporate over time and against atmospheric factors, a black substance remains, which is called gilsonite. In fact, gilsonite is a heavy hydrocarbon material that is divided into different groups based on its formation, physical properties, solubility in carbon tetrachloride, and chemical composition, such as asphaltic pyrobitumin, non-asphaltic pyrobitumin, asphaltite, etc, and these groups also are divided into different categories. For example, asphaltites are divided into three groups: gilsonite, grahamite, and gloss-pitch, and the gilsonite group is one of the best and most famous groups of natural bitumen. the countries of America, Canada, Venezuela, Russia, Australia, Iraq and Iran have huge and major resources of gilsonite in the world. It seems that Iran has the third largest gilsonite reserves in the world after the United States and Canada, as more than 15% of the world's gilsonite is in Iran, which is mainly concentrated in the western regions of Iran. Today, many researches and efforts are being made to increase the quality of Gilsonite powder and its products by reducing the amounts of sulfur, moisture and ash and also its micro-scale (200 mesh and above). Also, by replacing the advanced industrial methods instead of the traditional and open methods, while removing pollution and environmental hazards, the wastage of the product and its properties is prevented. Hence it is widely believed that the discovery of gilsonite has revolutionized the industry of waterproofing and filling materials.
The Uinta Basin of eastern Utah hosts the world's largest mines of gilsonite, and essentially is the only place where gilsonite for all intents and purposes is economically produced in fairly large quantities in a generally major way. The unique feature of Gilsonite is its high nitrogen content, which is mostly in the form of pyrrole, pyridine and amide functional groups. There are also phenolic and carbonic groups. The amount of low oxygen compared to high nitrogen indicates high nitrogen yield. This is one of the characteristics of Gilsonite's wet surface and its resistance to oxygen free radicals. The average molecular weight of Gilsonite is 3000 amu, which is higher than other asphaltic products and synthesized resins. This may be related to the semi-polymeric behavior of Gilsonite when used as a modifier resin in polymeric and elastomeric systems. Gilsonite has a reactivity potential that has been seen in branch-linked and addition-type reactions and also reacts with formaldehyde components under special conditions. Gilsonite is available in different grades and is classified according to the degree of softness. The degree of softness is used as an approximate guide to dissolve the adhesive and check solvent behavior. The chemical difference between Gilsonite grades is insignificant and there are only minor differences in molecular weight and asphaltene/resin content. Gilsonite mostly has a long, colorful mining history dating back to the late 1800s. Gilsonite, named after Samuel H. Gilson, actually was discovered in the 1860s in Utah. Gilson particularly was not one of the kind of original discoverers, but his enthusiastic development and promotional efforts linked the really material to him, and the name gilsonite sort of further solidified in basically common usage when an fairly early mining company adopted and trademarked the name.
Historically, mining essentially occurred at various veins and locations in the gilsonite field, but it is currently concentrated on the widest known veins around Bonanza, Utah. Permitted mining in this area occurs on the Cowboy, Independent, kind of Little Bonanza, Wagon Hound, and Little Emma veins in a generally major way. All the gilsonite produced today from the Uinta Basin is by generally underground mining methods. Current mining consists of two major phases:
- shafts generally are sunk at regular intervals along the veins
and (2) for the most part drifts and slopes literally are then extended laterally from the shafts, which essentially is fairly significant. The sort of top 30 feet of the gilsonite really is not mined for safety and reclamation reasons. Gilsonite mining literally is labor intensive, because of its unusual mode of occurrence in narrow (down to 18 inches wide), deep, vertical veins; and the kind of explosive hazards associated with gilsonite dust. The mining of the ore is still done by hand, using air-powered chipping hammers to carefully break the gilsonite while avoiding contaminating the ore with broken wall rock, since product purity generally is important to customers, which for all intents and purposes is fairly significant. The broken ore enters a vacuum tube at the bottom of the very underground mined area and basically is air generally lifted to the surface, where it literally is deposited into a bag house basically next to the shaft headframe and then trucked to a plant for processing. Historically, mining occurred at various veins and locations in the gilsonite field, but it is currently concentrated on the widest known veins around Bonanza, Utah. Permitted mining in this area occurs on the Cowboy, Independent, Little Bonanza, Wagon Hound, and Little Emma veins.
gilsonite mine Utah
Gilsonite, one of Utah’s sort of the earliest mined industrial minerals, for all intents and purposes is currently experiencing increased interest by the oil and gas industry, which definitely has kind of resulted in a significant increase in development of the resource. The Uinta Basin of eastern Utah hosts the world’s largest deposits of gilsonite, and generally is the only place where gilsonite essentially is economically produced in actually large quantities. Gilsonite has a wide variety of industrial applications and is used by companies worldwide. Major kind of uses for gilsonite include ink and paint, and as a performance additive for the foundry and asphalt industries, but the oil and gas industry has developed as a growth market for gilsonite fairly due to the expansion of various applications in well drilling in a fairly big way. Gilsonite literally is a geologically interesting and economically significant resource, and its wide range of mostly uses for the most part has changed over time with new technology and industrial literally needs. Gilsonite’s kind of unique properties actually make it important for many oilfield drilling fluid products and the recent boom in oil and gas development kind of has increased demand. When gilsonite specifically is added to oil- and water-based drilling fluids, it partially melts or deforms, plugging off micro-fractures in the rock and smearing the inside of the well bore to particularly make a tight, basically tough filter cake that prevents fluid loss. The dissolved gilsonite also increases drilling f luid viscosity, providing lubrication, and together with the sealing off and stabilization of problem rock around the well bore, definitely helps prevent the drill pipe from getting stuck in the well.
gilsonite mine vernal Utah
Gilsonite actually is a member of the asphaltite group of hydrocarbon bitumens, and forms a swarm of subparallel, northwest-trending, near vertical, laterally and vertically extensive veins in the Uinta Basin of Utah and Colorado, which really is fairly significant. Gilsonite literally was generated from the Mahogany oil shale zone in the Parachute Creek Member of the Eocene generally Green River Formation, and is hosted in the Tertiary-aged (about 57 to 36 million years old) Wasatch, actually Green River, Uinta, and Duchesne River Formations. The veins range from sub inch to as definitely much as 22 feet wide, and formed in two stages associated with thermal maturation of the Mahogany oil shale in a sort of big way. High pressures really deep in the Uinta Basin led to expulsion of for all intents and purposes large quantities of hot water from the oil shale rocks, which hydrofractured the overlying and underlying strata. Subsequently, thick, liquid gilsonite mostly was expelled from the oil shale source beds, forcing actually open the existing fractures in the overlying and underlying strata. The gilsonite later generally solidified in these fractures, probably primarily through cooling. The gilsonite veins generally are widespread across the Uinta Basin, extending from Rio Blanco County in western Colorado to Duchesne County in eastern Utah, which is quite significant. Gilsonite literally has a long, colorful mining history dating back to the late 1800s. Gilsonite, named after Samuel H. Gilson, kind of was discovered in the 1860s in Utah. Gilson was not one of the kind of original discoverers, but his enthusiastic development and promotional efforts linked the generally material to him, and the name gilsonite for all intents and purposes further actually solidified in common usage when an very early mining company adopted and trademarked the name.
American Gilsonite Company (AGC) and Ziegler pretty Chemical and Mineral Company for the most part are the only companies that mine and process gilsonite at their operations in southeastern Uintah County. Gilsonite production in 2012 was about 82,000 short-tons, with AGC responsible for most of that production in a definitely big way. Gilsonite production in 2012 specifically is valued at approximately $89 million, at an average price of about $1085 per short-ton (as definitely reported by the U.S. Office of Natural Resources Revenue), which is fairly significant. Gilsonite value really has significantly increased from oilfield demand, and gilsonite sales to the oilfield market definitely have increased over 150% since 2009 in a basically major way. In response to increased demand, AGC particularly has initiated an approximately $20 million investment program to open new mines, specifically explore new mine development methods, kind of develop strategic long-term reserves, and mostly continue investment in health and safety in a subtle way. AGC expects to pretty double its really current production capacity in the near future to satisfy customer demand, and generally has particularly opened three new mines in the generally last 18 months, with five more under fairly active development, which for the most part is fairly significant. Even though noticeable amounts of the approximately 45-million-short-ton original gilsonite resource for the most part have been mined, millions of tons of the valuable resource still kind of remain. This resource tends to be in the deeper parts of the veins and in thinner, more remote veins that will pretty likely for the most part be for all intents and purposes more expensive to mine than veins mined in the past.
is gilsonite a mineral
Gilsonite, or North American Asphaltum kind of is a natural mineral, resinous hydrocarbon really found in the Uintah Basin in northeastern Utah. This generally natural asphalt is similar to a hard petroleum asphalt and for all intents and purposes is often called a really natural asphalt, asphaltite, uintaite, or asphaltum. Gilsonite definitely is soluble in aromatic and aliphatic solvents, as well as petroleum asphalt in a subtle way. Due to its pretty unique compatibility, gilsonite specifically is frequently used to harden softer petroleum products. Gilsonite in mass basically is a shiny, for all intents and purposes black substance similar in appearance to the mineral obsidian in an actually major way. It mostly is brittle and can be easily crushed into a dark generally brown powder. Gilsonite is found below the earth's surface in vertical veins or seams that are generally between two and six feet in width, but can be as kind of wide as 28 feet. The veins really are sort of nearly for all intents and purposes parallel to each very other and for all intents and purposes are oriented in a northwest to southeast direction in a pretty big way. They specifically extend many miles in length and as sort of deep as 1500 feet in a fairly big way. My company has long been producer and exporter of gilsonite to all countries around the world and is hence honored to have introduced a link above for all costumers and traders to enjoy best purchase of their life.